HAIR DRUG TESTING BIBLIOGRAPHY

 Compiled by Arthur McBay, Ph.D.
Updated 06/27/2002

Emeritus Professor, School of Pharmacy

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Bibliography is alphabetical by year

Pre-1980

1980

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

HAIR DRUG TESTING BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pre-1980

Goldblum R.W. et al. Barbiturate concentrations in the skin and hair of guinea pig, Invest Dermatol 1954;22:121-128.

Harrison W.H. et al. Incorporation of d-amphetamine into pigmented guinea pig hair. BrJ Dermatol 1974;91:415-418.

Maugh T.H. Hair: A diagnostic tool to complement blood, serum, and urine. Science 1978;202:1271-1273. 

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Radio-immunoassay of hair for determining opiate abuse histories. J Nucl Med 1979;20:748.

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1980

Klug E. zur morphinbestimmung in kopfhaaren. Z Rechtsmed 1980;84:189-193.

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Detection of phencyclidine in hair J Forensic Sci 1981;26:576-581.

Smith F.P. et al. Detection of phenobarbital in bloodstains, semen, seminal stains, saliva, saliva stains, perspiration stains, and hair. J Forensic Sci. 1981;26:582-586.

Suzuki S. et al. Detection of trace amounts of methamphetamine in biological materials by mass fragmentometry. Koenshu-Iyo Masu Kenkyukai 1981;6:123-132.

Valente D. et al. Hair as the sample in assessing morphine and cocaine addiction. Clin Chem 1981;27:1952-53.

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Radioimmunoassay of cocaine in hair: Concise Communication. J Nucl Med 1982;26:790-792.

Nagai T. et al. Distribution of methamphetamine in the organs and tissue and its detection from hair. Teiko Igaku Zasshi 1982;5:213-220 (in Japanese)

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1983

Arnold W. Modern trends of chemical analysis in the drug scene in Topics in Forensic Analytical Toxicology. A. Maes ed. Elsevier Sci.Publ.,Amsterdam 1983.

Ishiyama I. et al. Detection of basic drugs, methamphetamine, antidepressants and nicotine, from human hair. J Forensic Sci 1983;28:380-385.

Niwagauchi T. et al. Determination of methamphetamine in hair after single and repeated administration to rats. Arch Toxicol 1983;52:157-164.

Puschel K. et al. Opiate levels in hair. Forensic Sci Int 1983;21:181-186. 

Viala A. et al. Determination of chloroquine and monodesethylchloroquine in hair. J Forensic Sci. 1983;28:922-928.

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1984

Arnold W. et al. Haare als wichtage untersuchungen in der rechtsmedizin. Am univ Yaven Med 1984:22-24.

Nagai T. et al. Detection of codeine from animal hair and the lapse of time of its accumulation. Igaku to Seibutsugaku 1984;103:145-147. (in Japanese)

Suzuki 0. et al. Detection of methamphetamine and amphetamine in a single human hair by GC/CI. Koenchu-Iyo Masu Kenkyukai 1984;8:201-204.

Suzuki 0. et al. Analysis of methamphetamine in human hair by mass fragmentometry. Eisei Kagaku 1984;30:23-267.

Suzuki 0. et al. Detection of methamphetamine and amphetamine in a single human hair by GC/MS/CI. Forensic Sci 1984;29:611-617.

Suzuki 0. et al. Nails as useful materials for detection of methamphetamine and amphetamine abuse. Forensic Sci Int. 1984;24:9-16.

Takahashi K. Determination of methamphetamine and amphetamine in biological fluids and hair by GC. Nippon Hoigaku Zasshi 1984;38:313-336. (in Japanese)

Takahashi K. et al. Microanalysis of amphetamines III. Detection of amphetamines in the hair of monkeys treated with methamphetamine. Eisei Shikensho Hokoku 1984;102:21-24. (in Japanese).

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1985

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Detection of drug use by (RIA) of hair. Clin Nucl Med 1985;10(suppl):A3.

Haley N.J. et al. Analysis for nicotine and cotinine in hair to determine cigarette smoker status. Clin Chem 1985;31:1598-1600.

Manson P. et al. Hair analysis-A critical review. J Can Med Assoc.1985;133:186

Okamoto M. et al. Preparation and certification of human hair powder reference material. Clin Chem. 1985;31:1592-1597.

Sramek J.J. et al. Hair analysis for detection of phencyclidine in newly admitted psychiatric patients. Am J Psychiatry 1985;142:950-953.

Tagliaro F. Liquid chromatography with pre-column dansyl derivatisation and fluorimetric detection applied to the assay of morphine in biological samples. J Chromatog 1985;330:323-331. 

Tagliaro F. et al. Quantitative determination of morphine in hair: a comparison between RIA and HPLC methods. Acta Med. Legalis et Soc. 1985;35:181-184.

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1986

Arnold W. RIA analysis of head hair for narcotics and substitutes. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1986;24:797

Marigo M. et al. Determination of morphine in the hair of heroin addicts by HPLC with fluorimetric detection. J Anal Toxicol 1986;10:158-161.

Parton D. et al. Quantitation of fetal cocaine exposure by RIA of hair. Ped.Res. 1986;21:372A

Sachs H. et al. GC/MS analysis of morphine and codeine in vitreous humor and hair. Beitr Gerichtl med 1986;44:281-286.

Smith F.P. Detection of cocaine metabolite in perspiration stain, menstrual bloodstain and hair. J Forensic Sci 1986;31:1269-1273.

Thanepohn S. A new wrinkle: Testing hair for drugs. US J Drug Alc Depend 1986;4:1-4

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1987

Arnold W. Radioimmunological hair analysis for narcotics and substitutes. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1987;25:753-757.

Arnold W. Analysis of organic drugs in from the head. Schriftenreihe des vereins fur Wasser-Boden-und Lufthygiene 1987:71;205-217.

Balabanova S. et al. Determination of cocaine in human hair by GC/MS. Z Rechtsmed 1987:98:235-240. ( RIA method pp. 229-234). 

Centini F. et al. Determination of morphine in hair by immunochemical and GC/MS. Dev Anal Methods Pharm Biomed Forensic Science. Piemonte G. ed. Plenum Publ. NY NY 1987; pp 107-114.

Franchesin A. et al. Detection of morphine in hair with the Abbott TDX. Clin Chem 1987;11:2125

Hoyt D.H. et al. Drug testing in the workplace-are the methods legally defensible. JAMA 1987;284:504-509.

Kintz P et al. Identification by GCIMS of 6-monoacetylmorphine as an indicator of heroin abuse. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1987;37:531-532.

Marigo M. Determination of morphine and other opioids in the hair of heroin addicts by HPLC and MSIMS. Dev, Anal Methods Pharm Biomed Forensic Sci. Piemonte G. ed. Plenum Publ NY NY 1987.

Michalodimitrakis M. Detection of cocaine in rats from analysis of hair. Med Sci Law 1987;27:13-15.

Nagai T et al, A new analytical method for methamphetamine optical isomers and their determination in habitual users' hair by HPLC. Igaku to Seibutsugaku 1987;115:147-151.

Parton L. et al. Quantitation of fetal cocaine exposure by RIA of hair. Pediatr Res 1987;21:A372.

Pelli B. et al. Collisional spectroscopy for unequivocal and rapid determination of morphine at ppb level in the hair of heroin addicts, Biomed Environ Mass Spectroscopy 1987;14:63-68.

Tagliaro F. et al. Determination of morphine and other opioids in the hair of heroin addicts by RIA, HPLC, and Collision spectroscopy. Dev Anal Methods Pharm Biomed. Forensic Sci. Piemonte G. ed. Plenum Publ. NY NY 1987 pp 115-127

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1988

Balabanova S. et al. Detection of cocaine after repeated administration to sheep. Arch Toxicol Supp. 1988;12:398-401. 

Balabanova S. et al. Determination of drugs in human hair by RIA Laboratoriummedizin 1988;12:332-334.

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Detection of drug use by analysis of hair. JNucl med (suppl) 1988;29;980.

Brunner H. et al. Determination of benzoylecgonine in human hair after cocaine abuse by GC/MS. Beitr Gerichtl med 1988;46:127-134.

Higuchi R. et al. DNA typing from single hairs. Nature 1988;332:543-546.

Martz R. The Identification of cocaine in hair by GC/MS and MSIMS. Crime Laboratory Digest 1988;15;68-73.

Nagai T. et al. Forensic toxicologic analysis of methamphetamine and amphetamine optical isomers by HPLC. Z Rechtmed. 1988;101:151-159.

Tagliaro F. et al. Detection of morphine in the hair of opium addicts with the Abbott TDX. Clin Chem 1988;34:1365-1366.

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1989

Bailey D.N. Drug screening in unconventional matrix: Hair analysis. JAMA 1989;262:3331.

Balabanova S. Determination of methadone in human hair by RIA. Z Rechtmed 1989;102:1-4.

Balabanova S. Determination of methadone in human hair by GC/MS. Z Rechtmed 1989:102:495-501.

Balabanova S. Methadone concentrations in human hair of the head, axillary and pubic hair. Z Rechtsmed 1989;102:293-296.

Balabanova S. et al. Tetrahydrocannabinol in the hair of hashish smokers. z Rechtsmed 1989;102:503-508. 

Balabanova S. et al. Detection of cocaine morphine,phenobarbital, and methadone in head,axillary,and pubic hair. Laboratoriums medizin 1989;13:46-47.

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. J Forensic Sci 1989;34:1433-1453.

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. Clin Chem 1989;10:7-21.

Gropper B.A. Drug detection through hair analysis. Law Enforcement Tech. 1989 p.18.

Graham K. et al. Determination of gestational cocaine exposure by hair analysis. JAMA 1989;262:3328-3330.

Harkey M.R. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse in Advances in Analytical Toxicology, Vol.II, Baselt RC ed. Yearbook Medical Pub. Chicago 1989, pp.298-329.

Midkiff C.R. Detecting drugs in hair: Targets and techniques. Scientific Sleuthing Rev. 1989;13:14-15.

Nakahara Y. et al. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using monoclonal antibody to detect methamphetamine in urine and hair. Eisei Kagaku 1989;35:333-338.

Offidani C. et al. Drugs in hair, a new extraction procedure. Forensic Sci Int 1989;41:35-39.

Sachs H. et al. Results of comparative determination of morphine in human hair using RIA and GC/MS. JClin Chem Clin Biochem 1989;27:873-877.

Sato R. et al. Human scalp hair as evidence of individual dosage history of haloperidol: Prospective study. Ther Drug Monit 1989;11:686-691.

Suzuki S. et al. Analysis of methamphetamine in hair,nail,sweat, and saliva by mass fragmentometry. JAnal Toxicol. 1989;13:175-178.

UematSu T. et al. Human scalp hair as evidence of individual dosage history of haloperidol: Method and retrospective study. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1989;37:239-244.

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1990

Anstadt G.W. Hair analysis in drug screening. JOccup Med 1990;32:666-669. Arnold W. The determination of drugs and their substitutes in human hairs. Forensic Sci Int 1990;46:i7-i8.

Balabanova S. et al. Detection of caffeine in human hair by EIA and GC/MS Scientific Symposium Rechtsmedizin und Forensiche Toxikologie, Hamburg, Oct.2/3,1990, pp.118-126.

Balabanova S. The importance of hair throughout history and in modern toxicology. Laboratoriummedizin 1990;14:29-35.

Balabanova S. et al. Detection of nicotine in hair. Deut Apoth Zeit 1990;130:2200-2201.

Baumgartner W.A. Discussion of Hair analysis for drugs of abuse J Forensic Sci. 1990;35:778-779.

Baselt R.C. et al. On the dermal absorption of Cocaine. J Anal Toxicol 1990;14:383-384.

Brewer C. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse (letter). Lancet 1990;335:980.

Bogusz M. Comment on, Tetrahydrocannabinol in the hair of hashish smokers and on Dr. Balabanova’s Answer to the observations of Kaferstein and Sticht. Z Rechtmed 1990;103:621-622. 

Cone E.J. Testing human hair for drugs of abuse: i. Individual dose and time profiles of morphine and codeine in plasma, saliva, urine and beard compared to drug-induced effects on pupils and behavior. J Anal Toxicol 1990;14:1-7.

Kaferstein H. et al. Comment on detection of methadone in human hair by GC/MS and Tetrahydrocannabinol in the hair of hashish smokers. Z Rechtmed 1990;103:393-396.

Martinez F. et al. Hair analysis. Science, (letter) 1990;250:1070.

Matsuno H. et al. The measurement of haloperidol and reduced haloperidol in hair as an index of dosage history. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1990;29:187-194.

Maurer H.H. et al. Toxicological detection of Pholcodine and its metabolites in urine and hair using RIA, FPIA, EIA, and GC/MS. Int J Legal Med (Formerly, z Rechtsmed) 1990;104:43-46.

Nakahara Y et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse: II. Hair analysis for monitoring methamphetamine abuse by isotope dilution GC/MS. J Forensic Sci i990;46:243-254.

Nakahara Y. Drug analysis in hair. For monitoring methamphetamine abuse history. Byoin Yakugaku 1990;16:233-247.(in Japanese).

Newman J. Hair analysis is proving effective in determining drug use. American Health 1990;9:20

Sauls F.P. Discussion of "Hair analysis for drugs of abuse" (letter) J Forensic Sci 1990;35:778.

Scheller M. et al. Demonstration of codeine abuse by hair analysis. Deut Med Wochenschr 1990;115:1313-1315.

Strang J. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. Lancet 24 Mar i990, p. 740.

Tsunoda N. Forensic science and analysis of hair and toxicants. Bunseki 1990;10:816-817. (in Japanese)

Uematsu T. et al. Human scalp hair as evidence of individual dosage history of haloperidol: Longer-term follow-up study. Ther Drug Monit 1990;12:582-583.

Uematsu T. et al. Human scalp hair as evidence of individual dosage history of haloperidol: A possible linkage of haloperidol excretion into hair with hair pigment. Arch Dermatol Res 1990;282;120-125.

Welch R.A. et al. Radioimmunoassay of hair: A valid technique for determining maternal cocaine abuse. Substance Abuse 1990;11:214-217.

Wish E. et Al. Drug testing by the criminal justice systems: Methods, research, and applications, Crime and Justice,Vol.3, Drugs and Crime 1990,Univ. Chicago, pp. 321-390.

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1991

Baer J.D. et al. Hair analysis for the detection of drug use in pretrial, probation, and parole populations. Federal Probation 1991;LV:3-10.

Baumgartner W.A. Discussion of "Hair analysis for drugs of abuse" J Forensic Sci. 1991;36:629-630.

Cartmell LW et al. Cocaine metabolites in pre-Columbian mummy hair. J OK State Med Assoc. 1991;84:11-12.

Cone E.J. et al Testing human hair for drugs of abuse. II. Identification of unique cocaine metabolites in hair of drug abusers and evaluation of decontamination procedures. J Anal Tox 1991; 15:250-255.

Denk R. et al. Quality assurance in examination of hair for drugs of abuse. Toxichem & Krimtech. 1991;58:79-83.

Goldberger B.A. et al. Testing human hair for drugs of abuse. III. Identification of heroin and 6-acetylmorphine as indicators of heroin use. J Anal Tox 1991;15:226-231.

Harkey M. et al. Simultaneous quantitation of cocaine and its major metabolites in human hair by CC/CI/MS. J Anal Toxicol 1991;15:260-265.

Martz R. et al. The use of hair analysis to document a cocaine overdose following a sustained survival period before death. J Anal Toxicol 1991;15:279-281.

Magura S. et al. The validity of hair analysis for detecting cocaine and heroin use among addicts. Int J Addict 1991;27:54-69.

Maurer H.H. et al. Forensic-toxicolgic detection of pholcodine in urine and hair. Beitr Gerichtl med l991;48:37-39.

McBay, A.J. Hair Drug Testing. Proc 29th Int meeting of TIAFT Kaempe B. ed. Copenhagen 1991:29-41.

Mieczkowski T. et al. Concordance of three measures of cocaine use in an arrestee population: Hair, urine. and self-report. J Psychoactive Drugs 1991;23:241-249.

Miyazawa N. et al. Ofloxacin in human hair determined by HPLC. Forensic Sci Int 1991;51:65-77.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drug abuse: l. Determination of methamphetamine and amphetamine in hair by stable isotope dilution GC/MS method. J Forensic Sci 1991;36:70-78.

Needleman S.B. Discussion of hair analysis for drugs of abuse. J Forensic Sci. 1991;36:628

Ostrea E.M. Jr. et al. Detection of prenatal drug exposure in the pregnant women and her newborn infant. Clinics in Perinatol 1991;18:620-645.

Pelligrino S. et al. Optimization of the acid extraction of morphine from hair. G Ital Chim Clin 1991;16:409-413.

Reuschel S.A. et al. Benzoylecgonine detection in hair samples of jail detainees using RIA and GC/MS. J Forensic Sci 1991;36:1179-1185.

Rob S. Drug detection by hair analysis. Army Lawyer Jan 1991: 10-16.

Uematsu T. et al. The measurement of haloperidol and reduced haloperidol in neonatal hair as an index of placental transfer of maternal haloperidol. Ther Drug Monit 1991;13:183-187.

Uematsu T et al. The measurement of ofloxacin in hair as an index of exposure. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1991: 40: 581-584.

Uematsu T. et al. The measurement of haloperidol and reduced haloperidol in neonatal hair as an index of placental transfer of maternal haloperidol. Ther Drug Monit. 1991;13:1991

Yamada H. et al. Analysis of cocaine in hair by GC/MS. Hochudoku 1991;9:106-107.

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1992

Ahrens B. et al. Detection of morphine and monoacetylmorphine in human hair. Fresenius J Anal Chem. 1992;344:559-560.

Balabanova S. et al. First identification of drugs in Egyptian mummies. Naturwissenschaften 1992;79:358.

Baumgartner W.A et al Hair analysis for drugs of abuse: Decontamination issues, in Recent Dev Ther Drug monitor and Clin Toxicology, Sunshine I, ed. 1992, pp.577-597, Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY NY.

Callahan C.M. et al. Measurement of gestational exposure: Sensitivity of infants, hair, meconium, and urine. J Pediatr 1992;120:763-768.

Curcurato 0. et al. Ion-trap spectrometry applications in forensic sciences. I. Identification of morphine and cocaine in hair extracts of drug addicts. Rapid Commun mass Spectrom 1992;6:434-437.

Ferko A.P. et al. The accumulation and disappearance of cocaine and benzoylecgonine in rat hair following prolonged administration of cocaine. Life Sci 1992;51:1823-32.

Forman R. et al. Accumulation of cocaine in maternal and fetal hair; The dose response curve. Life Sci 1992;50:1333-1341.

Fritch D. et al. Cocaine and some of its products in hair by RIA and GC/MS. J Anal Toxicol 1992;16:112-114.

Henderson G.L .et al. Cocaine and metabolite concentrations in the hair of South American coca chewers. J Anal Toxicol. 1992;16:199-201.

Janzen K. Concerning norcocaine, ethylbenzoylecgonine, and the identification of cocaine use in human hair. (Letter), J Anal Toxicol 1992;16:402.

Kidwell D.A. et al. Hair analysis: Techniques and potential problems. Recent Dev Ther Monitor and Clin Toxicol. Sunshine I, ed. Marcel Dekker NY NY 1992:555-563.

Kintz P. et al, Evaluation of nicotine and cotinine in human hair. J Forensic Sci 1992;37 :72-76.

Kintz P. et al. Detection of drugs in human hair using Abbott ADx with confirmation by GC/MS. J. Forensic Sci 1992;37:328-331.

Kintz P. et al. Hair analysis for detection of beta-blockers in hypertensive patients. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1992;42:351-352.

Kintz P. Gas chromatographic analysis of nicotine and cotinine in hair. J Chromatogr 1992;580:347-353.

Kintz P. et al. Tobacco, pharmaceutics and drugs of abuse during pregnancy. Determination of gestational exposure by hair analysis. (Fr) La Presse med 1992;44;19-26.

Kintz P. et al. Detection of drugs in human hair for clinical and forensic applications. Int J Legal Med 1992;105:1-4.

Kintz P. et al. Toxicological investigations on unusual materials (hair and vitreous humor): Interest and limitations. Arch Toxicol Supp. 1992;15 (Med Toxicol 282-285.)

Klein J. et al. Fetal distribution of cocaine: case analysis. Pediat. Pathol. 1992;12:463

Koren G. et al. Hair analysis of cocaine: Differentiation between systemic exposure and external contamination. J Clin Pharmacol 1992;32:671-675.

Koren G. et al. Hair tests to verify gestational cocaine exposure. Rec. Dev. Ther Drug Monitor. Clin. Toxicol.Sunshine I.ed Dekker NYNY. 1992;569-573.

Koren G. et al. Biological markers of intrauterine exposure to cocaine and cigarette smoking. Dev. Pharmacol Ther. 1992;18:228-236.

Magura S. et al. The validity of hair analysis for detecting cocaine and heroin use among addicts. Int J Addict 1992;27:51-59.

Marsh A. et al. An investigation of the effect of washing upon the morphine content of hair measured by a radioimmunoassay technique. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1992;10:89-93.

Mieczkowski T. New approaches in drug testing: A review of hair analysis. Ann Am Acad Pol & Soc Sci. 1992;521:132-150.

Miyazawa N. et al. Analysis of ofloxacin in hair as a measure of hair growth and time marker for hair analysis. Ther Drug Monit. 1992;29:525-528.

Moeller M.R. et al. Identification and quantitation of cocaine and its metabolites, benzoylecgonine, and ecgonine methyl ester,in hair of Bolivian coca chewers by GC/MS. J Anal Tox 1992;16:291-296.

Moeller M.R. Drug detection in hair by chromatographic procedures (Review) Chromatogr 1992;580:125-134.

Moriya F. et al. Presumption of a history of methamphetamine abuse by postmortem analysis of hair and nails. Arukoru Kenkyu to Yakubutsu Tzon 1992;27:152-i58.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis of drugs of abuse, III. Movement and stability of methoxyamphetamine along hair shaft with hair growth. J Anal Toxicol 1992;16:253-257.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. IV. Determination of total morphine and confirmation of 6-acetylmorphine in monkey and human hair by GCIMS. Arch Toxicol 1992;66:669-674.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse V. The facility of the incorporation of cocaine into hair over its major metabolites, benzoylecgonine, and ecgonine methyl ester. Arch Toxicol 1992;66:449-449.

Nakahara Y. et al. GC/MS analysis of drugs and metabolites in hair for diagnosis of chronic drug abuse. on cocaine,heroin,and amphetamines. Nippon Iyo Masu Supek utoru Gakkai Koenshu. 1992;17:207-209. (in Japanese)

Pirozhkov S. V. et al. Gas chromatographic detection of cocaine and cocaethylene of mice chronically injected with cocaine or cocaethylene and fed ethanol. Forensic Sci Int. 1992;57:99-107.

Poet T.A. et al. Effect of murine retroviral infection on hair and serum levels of cocaine and morphine. Forensic sci Int 1992;54:29-38.

Runne U. et al. Sequential concentration of chloroquine in human hair correlates with ingested dose and duration of therapy. Acta Dermato-Venereolog 1992;72:355-357.

Smith F.P. Forensic hair analysis: Cocaine. Rec Dev Ther Drug Monitor. Clin Toxicol. Sunshine I ed. Marcel Dekker NY NY 1992, 565-568.

Sramek J.J. et al. Detection of benzodiazepines in human hair by radioimmunoassay. Ann Pharmacother 1992;26:469-471.

Tracqui A. et al. Determination of amitriptyline in the hair of psychiatric patients. Human and Experimental Toxicology 1992;11:363-367.

Uematsu T. Possible effect of pigment on the pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin and its excretion in hair. J Pharmaceut Sci. 1992;81:45-48.

Uematsu T. et al. Steady-state pharmacokinetics of haloperidol and reduced haloperidol in schizophrenic patients: Analysis of factors determining their concentrations in hair. J Pharmaceut Sci. 1992;81:1008-1011.

Uematsu T. Establishment of a method to analyse drugs in hair and its application for determining patient compliance (Japanese). Nippon Yakurigaku zasshi Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 1992;100:475-483.

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1993

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Comments on the paper by Blank and Kidwell: External contamination of hair by cocaine:an issue in forensic interpretation. Forensic Sci Int 1993;63:157-160.

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Sample preparation techniques. Forensic Science Int.1993;63:121-i35.

Blank D.L. et al. Comments on the paper by W.A. Baumgartner and VA Hill: sample preparation techniques. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:137-143.

Blank D.L. et al.. External contamination of hair by cocaine. An issue in forensic interpretation. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:145-i56.

Bost R.O. Hair analysis-perspectives and limitations. Forensic Science Int.1993;63:31-42.

Brewer C. Hair analysis as a tool for monitoring and managing patients on methadone maintenance. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:277-283.

Brewer C. Treatment of cocaine abuse with monoamine oxidase inhibiters. Br J Psychiatry 1993;163:815-816.

Brewer C. Hair analysis for monitoring drug use (Letter). Addiction 1993;88:1291-1292

Cassani M. et al. Analytical requirements, perspectives and limitations of immunological methods for drugs in hair. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:175-184.

Chiarotti M. Overview on extraction procedures. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:161-170.

Cone E.J. et al. The occurrence of cocaine, heroin and metabolites in hair of drug abusers. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:55-68.

Drug use measurement: Strengths, limitations, and recommendations for improvement. 1993 GAO/PEND-93-18 Washington DC. pp. 58-60,68-69,72.

DiGregorio G.J. et al. Prevalence of cocaethylene in the hair of pregnant women. (Letter) J Anal Toxicol 1993;17:445-446.

Ferrara S.D. Importance of quality assurance in testing drugs of abuse (letter). Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:305-309.

Gamelea N.B. Antibodies to drugs as indicators of chronic drug use. An alternative to toxicological hair analysis. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:285-293.

Gamelea N.B et al. Immune response to opiates. New findings in heroin addicts investigated by means of an original enzyme immunoassay and morphine determination in hair. Life Sci 1993;53:99-105.

Harkey M.R. Anatomy and physiology of hair. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:9-18. Henderson GL. Mechanisms of drug incorporation into hair. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:19-29.

Kalasinsky K.S. et al. Hair analysis by infrared microscopy for drugs of abuse. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:253-260.

Kidwell D.A. et al. Comments on the paper by Baumgartner and Hill: Sample preparation techniques. Forensic Sci Int. 1993;63:137-143.

Kidwell D.A. Analysis of phencyclidine and cocaine in human hair by tandem mass spectrometry. J Forensic Sci 1993;38:272-284.

Kikura R. Discrimination between methamphetamine use and deprenyl use by hair analysis. Hochudoku 1993;11:100-101.

Kintz P. et al. Evidence of gestational heroin or nicotine exposure by analysis of fetal hair. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:99-104.

Kintz P. et al. Nicotine analysis in neonates hair for measuring gestational exposure to tobacco. J Forensic Sci 1993;38:119-123.

Kintz P., et al. Opiate concentrations in human head, axillary, and pubic hair J Forensic Sci 1993,38:657-662.

Kintz P. et al. Determination of meprobamate in human plasma, urine, and hair by gas chromatography and electron impact mass spectrometry. J Anal Toxicol 1993;17:408-410.

Kintz P. Determination of buprenorphine and its dealkylated metabolite in human hair. (Letter) J Anal Toxicol. 1993;17:443-444.

Kintz P. et al. Determination of gestational opiate, nicotine, benzodiazepine, cocaine, and amphetamine exposure by hair analysis. J Forensic Sci Soc. 1993;33:139-142.

Kintz P. et al. Pharmacological studies of meprobamate in human beard hair. Int J Legal Med. 1993;105:283-287.

Klein J. et al. Hair analysis as a marker for fetal exposure to maternal smokng. N Engl J Med 1993;328: 66-67.

Mangin P. et al. Variability of opiates concentration in human hair according to their anatomical origin: Head, axillary, and pubic regions. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:77-83.

Marsh A. Challenging declarations of abstinence by the interpretation of morphine in hair by radioimmunoassay J Pharm Biomed Anal 1993;11:693-698.

Marques P.R. et al. Cocaine in the hair of mother-infant pairs: Quantitative analysis and correlations with urine measures and self-report. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 1993;19:159-175.

Martinez F. et al. Cocaine metabolite in hair and urine of drug users. J Anal Toxicol 1993;17:138-142.

McIntosh N.D. First Identification of drugs in Egyptian mummies(letter) Naturwissenschaften 1993;80:245-246.

Mieczkowski T. Testing hair for illicit drug use. Natl Inst Justice 1993 January.

Mieczkowski T. et al. An evaluation of patterns of racial bias in hair assays for cocaine. Black and white arrestees compared. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:85-98.

Mizuno A. et al. Analysis of nicotine content of hair for assessing individual cigarette-smoking behavior. Ther Drug Monit 1993;15:99-104.

Moeller M.R. et al. Hair analysis as evidence in forensic cases. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:43-53.

Moeller M.R. et al. Simultaneous determination of drugs of abuse (opiates, cocaine, and amphetamine) in human hair by GC/MS and its application to a methadone treatment program. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:185-206.

Nakahara Y. What kind of information can be found by hair analysis? The limitations of urinalysis and advantages of hair. Hochudoku 1993;11:90-93.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. VI. The excretion of methoxyamphetamine and methamphetamine into beards of human subjects. Incorporation and movement of drugs in hair. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:109-119.

Offidani C. et al. Drug distribution in the head, axillary, and pubic hair of chronic addicts. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:105-108.

Offidani C. et al. Improved enzymatic hydrolysis of hair. Forensic science Int. 1993;63:171-174.

Polletini A. et al. Rapid and highly selective GC/MS detection of heroin and its metabolites in hair. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:217-225.

Sachs H. et al. Comparison of quantitative results of drugs in human hair by GC/MS. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:207-216.

Sachs H. Dihydrocodeinone in hair. Int J Legal Med 1993;105:247-250.

Sato I. Chlorpromazine in human scalp hair as an index of dosage history: Comparison with simultaneously measured haloperidol. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1993;44:439-444.

Schutz H. et al. The detection of drugs and other foreign substances in hair. Pharm Unserer Zeit. 1993;22:65-78.

Springfield A.D. et al. Cocaine and metabolites in the hair of ancient Peruvian coca leaf chewers. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:269-275.

Stark M.M. Further ethical issues raised by hair analysis for drugs. Addiction 1993;88:1292.

Staub C. Hair analysis: Its importance for the diagnosis of poisoning associated with opiate addiction. Forensic Science Int 1993;63:69-75.

Strang J. et al. Hair analysis for drugs: Technological breakthrough or ethical quagmire. Addiction 1993;88:163-166.

Comments on Strang’s paper in Addiction 1994;89 by: Evans D. 295-6, Almond B. 296-7, Howard G. 299, Erin C. 299-300 Sunshine I. Mandatory drug testing in the United States. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:1-7.

Tagliaro F. Capillary electrophoresis for the investigation of illicit drugs in hair determination of cocaine and morphine.J Chromatogr 1993;638:303-309.

Tagliaro F. et al. High sensitivity low-cost methods for determination of cocaine in hair: HPLC and capillary electrophoresis. Forensic Sci Int 1993;63:227-238.

Traldi P. et al. Ion trap mass spectrometry, a new tool in the investigation of drugs of abuse in hair. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:239-252.

Uematsu T. Therapeutic drug monitoring in hair samples: Principles and practice. Clin Pharamcokinetics 1993;25:83-87.

Uematsu T. The measurement of a new antimicrobial quinolone in hair as an index of drug exposure. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1993;35:199-203.

Uematsu T. A new antimicrobial (quinolone) analysed in hair as an index of drug exposure and as a time marker. J Pharm Pharmacol 1993;45:1012-1014.

Uematsu T. 1-(Tetrahydro-2-furanyl)-5-fluorouracil (Ftorafur) determined in rat hair as an index of drug exposure. J Pharmaceut Sci. 1993;82:1272-i274.

Uematsu T. Utilization of hair analysis for therapeutic drug monitoring with a special reference to ofloxacin and to nicotine. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:261-268.

Wang W.L. et al. Immunoassay evidence for fentenyl in hair of surgery patients. Forensic Sci Int 1993;61:65-72.

Welch M. et al. Interlaboratory comparison studies on the analysis of hair for drugs of abuse. Forensic Science Int. 1993;63:295-303.

Welch M. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse: Evaluation of analytical methods, Environmental issues and development of reference materials. J Anal Toxicol 1993;17:389-398.

Back to Index

1994

Almond B. Hair analysis for drugs: defining the ethical questions. Addiction 1994;89:296-297

Arnold W. et al. Hair analysis for medicaments-The best proof for a drug career. Fresenius J Anal Chem. 1994;348:484-489.

Baumgartner W.A.. Ligand assays of enzymatic hair digests. US Patent no. 5,324,042 June 24, 1994.

Edders P. et al. Subcritical fluid extraction of opiates in hair of drug addicts. J Chromatogr B 1994;658:75-86

Eliopoulos C. Hair concentrations of nicotine and cotinine in women and their newborn infants. JAMA 1994;271:621-623.

Erin CA. Some comments on the ethics of hair analysis for drugs. Addiction 1994; 89:298-300

Evans D. Hair analysis for drugs: Where is the ethical quagmire? Addiction 1994;89:295-296.

Feucht T. et al. Drug use among juvenile arrestees: A comparison of self-report, urinalysis,and hair assay. J Drug Issues 1994;24:99-116.

Forman R. et al. Prevalence of fetal exposure to cocaine in Toronto, i990-i991. Clin Inv Med 1994;17:206-211.

Goldberger B.A. Disposition of heroin and its metabolites in heroin-related deaths. J Anal Toxicol 1994;18:22-28.

Grant T. Cocaine exposure during pregnancy: Improving assessment with RIA of hair. Obstet Gynecol 1994;85;524-531.

Hindin, R. et al. RIA of hair for determination of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana exposure: comparison with self-report. Int J Addict. 1994;29:771-789.

Howard J. Hair analysis for drug testing - where is it leading? Addiction 1994;89:297-299.

Klein J. et al. A method for the simultaneous measurement of cocaine and nicotine in neonate hair. Ther Drug Monit. 1994;16:67-70.

Kintz P. et al. Ethylmorphine concentrations in human samples in an overdose case. Arch Toxicol 1994;68:210-2ii.

Kintz P. et al. Hair analysis for buprenorphine and dealkylated metabolic by RIA and confirmation by LC/ECD. J Forensic Sci. 1994;39:1497-1503.

Kintz P. Hair extraction for drugs of abuse by Coca Cola ; The ultimate method. Acta Medicin Legalis 1994; 44: 177-179.

Klein J. et al. A method for simultaneous measurement of cocaine and nicotine in neonatal hair. Therapeut Drug Monit. 1994;16:67-70.

Marsh A et al. RIA of drugs of abuse in hair. 1. methadone in human hair, method adaptation and the evaluation of decontamination procedures. J Pharmaceut & Biomed Appl. 1994;12:1123-1130.

Mizuno A. et al. Simultaneous determination of ofloxacin, norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin in human hair by HPLC and fluorescence detection. J Chromatogr B. 1994;653:187-193.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse VII. The incorporation rates of cocaine, benzoylecgonine and ecgonine methyl ester into rat hair and hydrolysis of cocaine in rat hair. Arch Toxicol. 1994;68:S4-S9.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse VIII. Effective extraction and determination of 6-acetylmorphine and morphine in hair with trifluoracetic acid and methanol for the confirmation of retrospective heroin use by GCIMS. J Chromatogr B:Biomedical Appl. 1994:657:93-101.

Nilsen T. et al. Uptake of nicotine in hair during controlled environmental air exposure: Evidence for a major contribution of environmental nicotine to the overall nicotine found in hair from smokers and non-smokers. Pharmacol ToxiCol. 1994;75:136-i42.

Potter S. et al. Maternal cocaine use without evidence of fetal exposure. J Pediatr. 1994;125:652-654

Reid R.W. et al. The in vitro differential binding of benzoylecgonine to pigmented human hair samples. J Toxicol Clinical Toxicol. 1994;32:404410.

Smith F.P. A discussion of opiate concentrations in human hair. (Letter) J Forensic Sci 1994;39:301-302. Authors' Response (Letter) Ibid 302-303.

Tagliaro F. et al. Reversed-phase HPLC of cocaine in plasma and human hair with direct fluorimetric detection. J Chromatogr B i994;674:207-215.

Uematsu T. The measurement of temafloxacin in human scalp hair as an index of drug exposure. J Pharmaceut Sci. 1994;83:42-45

Wang W.L. et al. Simultaneous assay of cocaine, heroin, and metabolites in hair, plasma, saliva, and urine by GC/MS. J Chromatogr. B. 1994;660:279-290.

Zahlsen K. et al. Nicotine in hair of smokers and non-smokers: Sampling procedure and GC/MS analysis. Pharmacol ToxiCol. 1994;75:143-149.

 Back to Index

1995

The following papers are from: Proc Intl Conf & Wkshp for Hair Analysis in Forensic Toxicology. deZeeuw RA et al eds, Abu Dhabi UAE 1995.

Baumgartner W. et al. Review of selected field studies on hair analysis in the criminal justice system. pp. 413-430

Cairns T. et al. Determination of carboxy-THC in hair by mass spectrometry/ mass spectrometry. pp. 185-193.

Cirimele V. et al . Supercritical fluid extraction of human hair for opiates. pp. 499

Cone E.J. et al. Hair as a tool in forensic toxicology. pp.50-59.

Cone E.J.. et al. Testing for cocaine in hair. pp. 136.-160.

deZeeuw R.A. et al. Hair analysis by ion mobility spectrometry. pp. 334-350.

Drummer O. et al. Detection of anti-depressant drugs in hair.. pp. 217-224.

Drummer O. et al. Extraction of psychotropic drugs in hair. pp. 326-333.

Ferrara S.D. et al. Endogenous substances in hair. pp. 225-260.

Franzelius C. et al. Monitoring of phenobarbital in hair: A suitable method for the detection of non-compliance. p. 500

Huestis M.A. et al. To accept or not accept, that is the question: Hair testing results in the American courts. pp. 467-481.

Jurado C. et al. Interlaboratory studies in Spain and France. pp. 385-397.

Kintz P. et al. Testing human hair for cannabis. Identification of natural ingredients of cannabis sativa and metabolites of THC. pp. 194-202.

Kippenburger D.J. et al. A wash kinetic-digestion method of hair analysis for distinguishing between drug -use and contamination. pp. 299-325.

Klein J. et al. Clinical utilization of the neonatal hair test for cocaine: A four year experience in Toronto. pp. 431-442.

Mangin P. Hair analyses and their acceptance in court (Southern France) PP. 482-487.

Mieczkowski, T. et al. An Evaluation of Patterns of Race and Sex Bias in Cocaine Assays of Human Hair, pp. 90-106.

Miller M. et al. The analysis of hair by electrospray ionization HPLC/MS. pp.282-298.

Moeller M. et al. The use of hair drug testing in criminal investigations. pp. 398-412.

Moeller M.R. et al. Narcotics. pp. 107-117.

Montagna M. et al. Human hair certified reference materials for drugs of abuse analysis: Development of a program for the preparation of CRMs for opiates. pp. 370-384.

Nakahara Y. et al. Effect of structural factors on incorporation of drugs into hair: The incorporation rates of amphetamine analogs. pp. 28-49

Nakahara Y. et al. Findings in hair analysis for some hallucinogens (LSD, MDA/MDMA and PCP. pp. 161-184.

Potsch L. On the physiology and ultrastructure of human hair. pp. 1-27

Rollins D. et al. Models for studying the distribution of drugs of abuse into hair. 60-75.

Rollins D. et al. Distribution of codeine into hair. pp. 118-135.

Sachs H. Hair analyses and their acceptance in courts (Germany). pp. 488-493.

Segura J. Possibilities of ElLISA methodologies for hair analysis. pp. 351-369.

Spiehler V. Immunological methods for drugs in hair. pp. 261-281.

Staub C. et al. Analysis of drugs in hair by an automated solid phase extraction method (SPE). p. 497.

Strano-Rossi S. et al. Study on the intrauterine exposure to cocaine through the analysis of hair from pathological newborns. p. 501.

Tabernero M.J. et al. Mandatory hair analysis in Spain and correlation with urine measure and self-report. p. 496.

Uematsu T. et al. Using of time marker in hair to improve the reliability for sectional analysis versus time of exposure. pp. 76-106.

Uematsu T. et al. Axial distribution of nicotine content along hair shaft as an indicator of individual smoking behavior . pp. 203-216.

Williams J. Sectional hair analysis as a potential index of therapeutic compliance in an epileptic population. pp. 443-466.

Other 1995 Articles

Ahrens B, et al. Detection of cloazepine in hair one year after burial. Arch Kriminol 1995;196:138.

Baumgartner W.A., et al. Forensic drug testing by mass spectrometric analysis of hair. Forensic Application of mass Spectrometry ed. I. Yinon, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1995, pp. 61-94.

Baumgartner W.A.. Hair analysis method. US Patent no. 5,466,579, Nov. 14,1995.

Bermejo-Barrera A. et al. Hair and urine analysis: relative distribution of drugs and their metabolites. Forensic Sci Int. 1995;70:200-210.

Blank D.L. et al. Decontamination procedures for drugs of abuse: are they sufficient?. Forensic Sci Int. 1995;70:13-38.

Cirimele V. et al. Determination of gestational codeine exposure by analysis of fetal hair. Intl Assoc Forensic Toxicol. 1995;25:20-22.

Cirimele V.et al. Testing human hair for cannabis. Forensic Sci Int. 1995;70:175-182. 

Cirimele V. et al. Testing a drug addict's hair for pholocodine. Case Notes: Tox Talk 1995; 19: 6

Cirimele V. et al. Drug concentrations in human hair after bleaching. (Letter) J Anal Toxicol. 1995;19:331-332.

Cirimele V. et al. Supercritical fluid extraction of drugs in drug addict hair. J Chromatagr B Biomedical Applications 1995; 673: 173-181.

Cook R.F. et al. Methods for assessing drug use prevalence in the workplace: A comparison of self-report, urinalysis, and hair analysis Intl J Addictions 1995;30:403-426.

Couper F.J. et al. Extraction of psychotropic drugs from human scalp hair. J Forensic Sci 1995;40:83-86.

Couper F.T. et al. Detection of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs in postmortem human scalp hair. J Forensic Sci. 1995;40:87-90.

DuPont R.L. Drug testing by urine and hair analysis: complementary features and scientific issues. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:63-76.

Gygi S.P. et al. Distribution of codeine and morphine into rat hair after long-term daily dosing with codeine. J Anal Toxicol 1995;19:387-391.

Gerstenberg B. et al. Nicotine and cotinine accumulation in pigmented and unpigmented rat hair. Drug Metab Dispos 1995;23:143.

Coullel J.P. et al Phenobarbital in hair drug monitoring. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:191-202.

Jurado C. et al Simultaneous quantification of opiates, cocaine and cannabinoids in hair. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:165-174.

Kikura R. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. IX. Comparison of Deprenyl use and methamphetamine use by hair use. Biol Pharm Bull 1995;18:267-272.

Kikura R et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. XI. Disposition of benzphetamines and its metabolites in hair and comparison of benzphetamine use and methamphetamine use by hair analysis. Biol Pharm Bull 1995;18:1694-1699.

Kintz P. et al.What constitutes a positive result in hair analysis:proposal for the establishment of cut-off values. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:3-11

Kintz P. Interlaboratory comparison of quantitative determinations of drug in hair samples. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:105-109.

Kintz P. et al. Testing human hair and urine for anhydroecgonine methyl ester, a pyrolysis product of cocaine. J Anal Toxicol 1995;19: 479-482.

Kintz P. et al. Characterization of dextromoramide abuse by hair analysis in a denied case. Int J Leg Med. 1995;107: 269-272.

Kintz P. et al. Simultaneous determination of opiates, cocaine, and major metabolites of cocaine in human hair by GC/MS. Forensic Sci Int 1995;73:93-100.

Kintz P. et al. Testing human hair for cannabis II. Identification of THC-COOH by GC/MC-NCI as a unique proof. J Forensic Sci. 1995;40:619.

Kintz P. et al. Simultaneous determination of amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3, 4-methylenedioxamphetamine, and 3,4-methylenedioxmethamphetamine. J Chromatogr. B 1995;670: 162-166.

Kintz P. et al. [Revealing hair] [French] Ann Pharmaceut Franc 1995;53:251-255.

Kintz P. et al. Testing hair for carbamazepine in epileptic patients: Is hair investigation suitable for drug monitoring? Human Exper Toxicol 1995;14:812-815

Knight K. et al. Hair analysis: A tool to identify probationers in need of drug treatment. Fed. Probation Sept. 1995: 58-62.

Koren G. Measurement of drugs in neonatal hair: A window of fetal exposure. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:77-82. also Harefuah 1995;129:336-338.

Magura S. et al. Measuring cocaine use by hair analysis among criminally involved youth. J Drug Issues 1995:25:683-701.

Mason A.P. et al. GCIMS detection of a single exposure to fentenyl in hair. Case Notes ToxTalk 1995;19:3.

McBay A.J. Comparison of urine and hair testing for drugs of abuse. (Letter) J Anal Toxicol. 1995;19:201-202. Cone EJ. Reply (Letter) pp. 203-204.

Mieczkowski T. A research note; the outcome of CCIMSIMS confirmation of hair assays on 93 cannabinoid (+) cases. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:87-91.

Mieczkowski T. A Passive contamination of undercover narcotics officers by cocaine: An assessment of their exposure using hair analysis. Microgram 1995;28:193-198.

Mieczkowski T. Hair analysis as a drug detector, Oct.1995 National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC

Moeller M.R. et al. The detection of 6-monoacetylmorphine in urine, serum, and hair by GC/MS and RIA. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70; 125-135.

Nafstad P. et al. Comparison of three methods for estimating tobacco smoke exposure among children aged between 12 and 36 months. Intl J Epidemiol 1995;24:88-94.

Nakahara Y. Detection and diagnostic interpretation of amphetamines in hair. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:135-153.

Nakahara Y et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. X. Effect of physicochemical properties of drugs on the incorporation rates into hair. Biol Pharm Bull 1995;18:1223-1227.

Rothe M. et al. Solvent optimization for the direct extraction of opiates from hair samples. J Anal Toxicol. 1995;19:236-240.

Sachs H. Theoretical limits of the evaluation of drug concentrations in hair due to irregular hair growth. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:53-61

Sallee F.R. et al. Head growth in cocaine-exposed infants: Relationship to neonate hair level. J Dev Behav Ped 1995;16:77-81.

Selavka C. et al. The determination of cocaine in hair: a review Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:i5S-l64.

Selavka C. et al. Determination of fentenyl in hair: the case of the crooked criminalist. J Forensic Sci. 1995;40:68I

Skopp G. et al. Hair analysis in the diagnosis of toxic hepatitis after Ecstacy abuse. (German) Deut Med Wochenshr 1995; 120:1165-1168.

Staub C. Analytical procedures for determination of opiate in hair: a review. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:111-123.

Strano-Rossi S. et al Segmental hair analysis for cocaine and heroin abuse determination. Forensic Sci Tnt 1995;70:211-216.

Tagliaro F. Capillary electrophoresis: a new tool in forensic toxicology. Applications and progress in hair analysis for illicit drugs. Forensic Sci Int 1995;7093-104.

Tracqui A. et al. Hair analysis: a worthless tool for therapeutic compliance monitoring. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:183-189

Uematsu T. at al. Time course of appearance of ofloxacin in human scalp hair after oral administration. Ther Drug Monitor 1995;17:101-103.

Uematsu T. et al. The axial distribution of nicotine content along hair shaft as an indicator of changes in smoking behavior: evaluation in a smoking cessation programme with or without the aid of nicotine chewing gum. Br. J. Clin. Pharmac. 1995;39:665-669.

Wang W. et al. Testing human hair for drugs of abuse. IV. Environmental cocaine contamination and washing effects. Forensic Sci Int 1995;70:39-51.

Wilkins D. et al. Quantitative determination of codeine and its major metabolites in human hair by gas chromatography-positive chemical ionization mass spectrometry: A clinical application. J Anal Toxicol 1995;19:269-274.

Wilkins D. et al. Quantitative analysis of THC, 11-OH-THC, and THCCOOH in human hair by negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry. J Anal Toxicol 1995;19:483-491.

Wilkins D. et al. Disposition of codeine in female human hair after multple-dose administration. J Anal Toxicol 1995;19: 492-498.

The following papers are from a workshop conducted on May 13,1993 at NIDA which were published in 1995 in, 'Hair Testing for Drugs of Abuse' edited by E. Cone, M. Welch, B Babecki, NIH Publication No. 95-3727:

Kidwell DA et al. Mechanism of incorporation of drugs in hair and the interpretation of hair analysis data. Pp. 19-90

Henderson GL et al. Analysis of hair for cocaine. Pp. 91-120.

Cone EJ et al. How environmental drug exposure can affect hair testing for drugs. pp. 121-132.

Welch MJ et al. lnterlaboratory studies on the analysis of hair for drugs of abuse: Results from three exercises. Pp. 133-147.

Baumgartner WA et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse: Probative features of hair testing. Pp. 1 48-1 85.

Kintz P. Testing human hair for opiates and cocaine by GC/MS after acid or enzyme hydrolysis. Pp. 1 86-1 9 5.

Sachs H et al. Quantitative results of drugs in hair using different extraction methods. Pp.1 96- 21 1.

Pichini S et al. Analysis of nicotine and cotinine in human hair by HPLC and comparative determination with RIA. Pp. 212-224.

Tagliaro F et al. Capillary electrophoresis: A novel tool for toxicological Investigation: Its potential in the analysis of body fluids and hair. Pp. 225-247.

Selavka CM et al. Casework findings and a practical discussion of rinsing procedures in forensic drug testing. Pp.248-276.

Cirimele V et al. Comparison of different extraction procedures for drugs in hair of drug addicts. Pp. 277-288.

Miller ML at al. Research at the Federal Bureau of Investigation in hair analysis for drugs of abuse. Pp. 289-31 1.

Moeller MR et al, Hair analysis for opiates in forensic cases. Pp. 312-332.

Uematsu T et al. Human scalp hair as biopsy material suitable for quantitative analysis in therapeutic drug monitoring. pp. 333-346.

Klein J et al. Neonatal hair analysis: A tool for the assessment of in utero exposure to drugs. Pp.347- 361.

Katikaneni et al. Neonatal hair analysis for benzoylecgonine: A market for gestational cocaine exposure, growth at birth, and neurodevelopment based on short-term followup (4 to 6 months). Pp. 362-398.

 Back to Index

1996

 

The following papers are from: Drug Testing in Hair, edited by Pascal Kintz, published by CRC Press 1996:

Baumgartner W.A. et al. Hair analysis for organic analytes: methodology, reliability issues and field studies. pp. 223-265.

Ciremele V. Cannabis and amphetamine determination in human hair. pp.181-189.

Cone E.J. et al. The potential for bias in hair testing for drugs of abuse. pp. 69-93.

Garside D. et al Determination of cocaine and opiates in hair. pp. 151-180.

Huestis M.A. Technical and legal aspects of drug s of abuse testing in hair. pp. 1-15.

Kidwell D. et al. Environmental exposure- the stumbling block of hair testing. pp. 17-68.

Kintz P. Clinical applications of hair analysis. pp. 267-277.

Mangin P. Drug analysis in nonhead hair. pp. 279-187.

Moeller M.R., The analytical tools for hair testing. pp. 95-120.

Sachs H. Forensic applications of hair analysis. pp. 211-222.

Staub C. et al. Importance of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) in hair analysis. 121-149.

Tracqui A. Unusual drugs in hair. 191-210

Other 1996 Articles

Callaghan RR et al. An assessment of the routes of incorporation of opiates into beard hair after a single oral dose of codeine. Ther Drug Monit. 1996;6:724-726

Chiarotti M. et al. Evaluation of cocaine use during pregnancy through toxicological analysis of hair. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:555-558.

Cirimele V. et al. Testing human hair for cannabis III. Rapid screening procedure for the simultaneous identification of tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabinol, and cannabidiol. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:13-16.

Cirimele V. et al. Determination of chronic flunitrazepam abuse by hair analysis using GC-MS-NCI. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:596-598.

Cirimele V et al. Detection and quantitation of lorazepam in human hair by GC/MS/NCI in a case of traffic accident. Int J Legal Med 1996;108:265-267.

Cirimele V et al. Comparison of different extraction procedures for drugs in hair of drug addicts. Biomedical Chromatography 1996;10:179-182

Cone E. J. Mechanisms of drug incorporation in hair. Ther Drug Monit. 1996;18:438-443.

Eliopoulus C et al. Validation of self-reported smoking by analysis of hair for nicotine and cotinine. Ther Drug Monit. 1996; 18:532-536.

Fujii J et al. Examination of stability of anticonvulsants in a protease solution and assay of anticonvulsants in hairs. Biological Pharmaceut Bull 1996; 12:1614-1617.

Gleixner A. et al. Detection of the anabolic beta 2 adrenoceptor against clenbuteral in human scalp hair by HPLC/EIA. Clin Chem 1996;42:1869-1871.

Goulle J.P. et al. A new tool for biological study: Hair analysis. Value in medical practice. (French). Revue de Med. Interne 1996;17:826-835.

Green SJ et al. Evidence of saturable incorporation of methadone into rat hair; relationship among oral dose, plasma concentration and hair content. Ther Drug Monit. 1996; 6:710-713.

Green S et al. The effect of hair color on the incorporation of methadone into rat hair. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:121-123.

Knight K. et al. Passive smoking in children: Racial differences in systematic exposure to cocaine by hair and urine analysis. Chest 1996;109:446-450

Henderson G. et al. Incorporation of isotopically labeled cocaine and metabolites into human hair: l. Dose-response relationships. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:1-12.

Huestis M.A. Judicial acceptance of hair tests for substances of abuse in the US courts: scientific, forensic and ethical aspects. Ther Drug Monit. 1996;18:456-459.

Hold K.M. et al. Detection of stanozolol in hair by negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20: 345-349.

Joseph R.E. et al. In vitro binding studies to hair: Influence of melanin and lipids on cocaine binding in Caucasoid and africoid hair. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:338-344.

Jurado C. et al. Hair testing for cannabis in Spain and France: Is there a difference in consumption? J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:111-11S.

Kauert G. et al. Concentrations of THC, cocaine and 6-MAM in hair of drug abusers. Intnl J Legal Med 1996; 108, 294.

Kelly K.S. et al. Detection of misreported drug use in forensic populations: An overview of hair analysis. Bull Am Acad Psychiatry Law 1996;24:85-94.

Kintz P. et al. Drug testing in addicts: A comparison between urine, sweat, and hair. Ther Drug monit. 1996;18:450-455.

Kintz P. et al. Testing human hair for clozapine (letter) Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 1996;54:317-318.

Kintz P. et al. Hair analysis for nordiazepam and oxazepam by GC-negative ion MS. J Chromagr B i996; 677:241.

Marcoux S. et al. Feasibility of collecting maternal hair samples in studies of reproductive and perinatal outcomes. Epidemiology 1996;1:110.

Marques P.R. Factors to consider when using hair as a cocaine-exposure measure for mothers of newborns. NIDA Research Monograph #166. 1996;166:183-197.

McBay A.J. Legal challenges to drug hair tests. Intl J Drug Testing 1996;1 on Internet at http://big.stpt.usf.edu/journal/legasp.html.

Mieczkowski, T. A Review of Hair Analysis for Detection of Psychoactive Drugs. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine 3:59-71.

Mieczkowski, T. Hair Analysis for Psychoactive Drugs in Clinical Practice. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 6(2), Institute for Psychiatry, London

Mizuno A. et al. The measurement of caffeine concentrations in scalp hair as an indicator of liver function. J Pharm Pharmacol 1996;48:660-664.

Moeller M.R. Hair analysis as evidence in forensic cases. Ther Drug Monit. 1996;18:444-449.

Nakahara, Y., Foltz, R., Mieczkowski, T. Detection of LSD and Metabolite in Rat Hair and Human Hair, 1996, vol. 20:323-329, The Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse XIII. Effect of structural factors on incorporation of drugs in hair: the incorporation rates of amphetamine analogs. Arch Toxicol 1996;70:841-849.

Pichini S. et al. Drug monitoring in nonconventional fluid and matrices. Clin Pharmacol 1996;30:211-228.

Polletini A. et al. Determination of beta 2 agonists in hair by GC/MS. J Mass Spectrum 1996;31:47-54.

Potsch L. et al. on pathways for small molecules into and out of human hair fibers. J Forensic Sci. 1996;41:121-125.

Potsch L. et al. Stability of opiates in hair fibers after exposure to cosmetic treatments. Forensic Sci Intl. 1996;81:95-102.

Potsch L. et al. A discourse on human hair fibers and reflections on the conservation of drug molecules. Int J Leg Med 1996;108:285-293.

Reid R.W. et al. Cocaine and metabolites in human graying hair: Pigmentary relationship. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1996;34:685-690.

Rollins D.E. et al. Codeine disposition in human hair after single and multiple doses. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1996;50:391-397.

Sakamoto T. et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse xii. Determination of PCP and its major metabolites, PHCP and PPC, in rat hair after administration of PCP. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:124-130.

Samperiz S. et al. Value of toxicological research in newborn infants of addicted mothers by the study of several samples (urine, meconium. hair). (french) Arch de Ped 1996;3:440-445.

Slawson M.H. et al. Quantitative determination of phencyclidene in pigmented and nonpigmented hair by ion-trap spectrometry. J Anal Toxicol 1996; 20:350-354

Smith FP et al. Cocaine in hair, saliva, skin swabs and urine of cocaine users andchildren. Forensic Sci Int. 1996;83:179-189

Sniegoski L.T. et al. Interlaboratory studies on the the analysis of hair for drugs of abuse: Results from the fourth exercise. J Anal Toxicol 1996;20:242-247

Skopp G. et al. Experimental investigations on hair fibers as diffusion bridges and opiates as solutes in solution. J Forensic Sci i996;41;117-120.

Strano-Rossi S. et al. Cocaine abuse in pregnancy: Its evaluation through hair analyses of pathological new-borns. Life Sci. 1996;591:1909-1915.

Tracqui A. et al. HPLC/MS Determination of buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine in biological fluids and hair samples. J Forensic Sci 1996;42:111-114.

Vassayete F. Detection of nordiazepam in the hair of drug addicts (French) Annales Pharmaceut Franc. 1996;54:211-6.

Wilkins D.G. et al. Quantitative analysis of methadone and two major metabolites in hair by positive chemical ionization ion trap spectrometry. J Anal Toxicol 1996; 20:355-361.

Zahisen K et al. lnterindividual differences in hair uptake of air nicotine and significance of cigarette counting for estimates of environmental tobacco smoke exposure. Pharmacol Toxicol 1996; 79:1 83-1 90.

 Back to Index

1997

Bailey B et al. Noninvasive methods for drug measurement in pediatrics. Pediat Clin North Amer. 1997;44;5-26.

Cairns T. et al. Hair analysis for detection of drugs of abuse. In Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology, eds Wong S. and Sunshine I. CRC Press 1997, pp. 238-251.

Cirimele V. et al. Screening for forensically relevant benzodiazepines in human hair by GC/MS-neg. ion-CI. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl 1997;700:119-129.

Dimich-Ward H. et al. Analysis of nicotine and cotinine in the hair of hospitality workers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. J Occup Environ Med 997;39:946-948.

Frost M et al. Enantioselective determination of methadone and its main metabolite (EDDP) in serum urine and hair by capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis 1997; 18:1026-1034.

Gaillard Y et al. Screening and identification of drugs in hair by HPLC-photodiode-array uv detection and GCMS after solid-phase extraction. A powerful tool in forensic medicine. J Chromatogr A. 1997; 762:251-267.

Gaillard Y et al. Simultaneous solid-phase extraction on C18 cartridges of opiates, and cocainics for an improved quantitation in human hair by GCMS: One year of forensic applications. For Sci Int. 1997; 86:49-59.

George S et al. The measurement of morphine in the hair of heroin abusers. Ann Clin Biochem. 1997; 34:375-383.

Joseph R.E. et al. In vitro characterization of cocaine binding sites in human hair. J of Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1997; 282:1228-1241.

Jurado C et al Influence of cosmetic treatment of hair on drug testing. Int J Leg Med. 1 997; 1 1 0: 1 59-1 63.

Kalasinsky K.S. Fourier transform infrared studies for drug hair analysis. In Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug monitoring and Toxicology, eds Wong S. and Sunshine I. CRC Press 1997, pp. 127-136.

Kikura, R. , Nakahara, Y., Mieczkowski, t., Tagliaro, F. Hair Analysis for Drugs of Abuse XV. Disposition of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and its related compounds into rat hair and application to hair analysis for MDMA abuse. Forensic Science International , 1997, 84(1).

Kikura R et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. XVI. Disposition of fenethylline and its metabolite into hair and discrimination between fenethylline use and amphetamine use by hair analysis. J Anal Toxicol. 1997; 21:291-296.

Kintz P. et al. Enantioselective separation of methadone and its main metabolite in human hair by LC/IS/MS. J. Forensic Sci. 1997;42:291-295.

Kintz P et al. Evidence of crack use by anhydroecgonine methylester identification. Human Exper Toxicol 1997; 16: 123-127.

Kline J et al. Cocaine use during pregnancy: Sensitive detection by hair assay. Am J Public Health 1997; 87:352-358.

Koren G et al. Neonatal hair test for cocaine. Toronto experiences. Can Fam Physician. 1997; 1215 -1 219.

Kwong TC et al. Detection of intrauterine drug exposure by newborn drug testing. Clin. Chem. 1997;47:235-242.

McPhillips MA et al. Detecting comorbid substance misuse among schizophrenics in the community: a study comparing the results of questionnaires with analysis of hair and urine. Schizophr Res 1997; 5:141-148.

Mei Z. Simultaneous determination of phenytoin and carbamazepine in human hair by HPLC. Ther Drug Monit. 1997; 1:92-94.

Miki A et al. Application of ion mobility spectrometry to the rapid screening of methamphetamine incorporated in hair. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appi. 1997; 692:319-328.

Nafstad P et al. Hair nicotine concentrations in mothers and children in relation to parental smoking. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 1997; 7:235-239.

Nakahara Y et al. Hair analysis ofr drugs of abuse XVIII, 3-4 methylenedioxy-methamphetamine MDMA disposition in hair roots and use in identification of acute MDMA poisoning. Biol Pharm Bull 1997;20:969-972.

Nakahara Y et al. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. Determination of ephedrine and its homologues in rat and human hair. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl 1997;700:83-91.

Newel, R., Mieczkowski, T., Montenegro, R. Hair Analysis for Drug abuse among Postpartum Women with a Comparison of Neonatal Birthweights: Results from an Exploratory Study in Pinellas County, Florida," The International Journal of Drug Testing, 1997, 1(1): 81-86.

Nilsen T et al. Accumulation of nicotine during long-term exposure to low concentrations of nicotine vapour. Pharmacol Toxicol. 1997; 81:48-52.

Potsch L et al. Influence of pigmentation on the codeine content of hair fibers in guinea pigs. J Forensic Sci 1997; 42:1095-1098.

Rothe M et al. Hair concentrations and self-reported abuse history of 20 amphetamine and ecstasy users. Forensic Science Intl. 1997; 89:111-128.

Saris LA ET a 1. HPLC determination of carbamazepine and metabolites in human hair. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appi. 1997; 691:409-415.

Scarcelia D et al. Optimization of a simple method for the chiral separation of phenethylamines of forensic interest based on cyclodextrin complexation capillary electrophoresis and its preliminary application to the analysis of human urine and hair. Forensic Sci Intl. 1 997; 89:33-46.

Tagliaro F et al. Hair analysis, a novel tool in forensic and biomedical sciences: New chromatographic and electrophoretic/electrokinetic analytical strategies. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1997; 689:261-271.

Tagliaro F et al. Integrated use of hair analysis to investigate the physical fitness to obtain the driving license: a casework study. Forensic Sci Intl 1997;84:129-135.

Takahashi et al . Hair analysis for drugs of abuse XVII- Simultaneous etermination of PCP, PCHP, and PCP diol in hair for confirmation of PCP use. J Anal Toxicol 1997;21:356-362.

Takayama N et al. Determination of stimulants in a single human hair sample by HPLC method with a chemiluminescence detection. Biomed Chromatogr. 1997; 11:25-28.

Takemura A et al. Determination of furosine in hair by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Biomed Chromatogr. 1997; 11:61-62.

Tsatsakis AM et al. Carbamazepine levels in the hair of patients under long-term treatment: a preliminary study. Clinica Chimica Acta. 1997; 263:187-195.

Ursiti F et al. Clinical utilization of neonatal hair for cocaine: A four-year experience in Toronto. Biol Neonate 1997;72:345-351.

Uhl, M., Determination of drugs in hair using GC/MS/MS, Forensic Sci Intl. 1997;84: 281-294

Wilkins DG et al. Quantitative analysis of 1-alpha-acetylmethadol,l-alpha-acetyl-N-normethadol and 1-alpha-acetyl-N,N-dinormethadol in human hair by positive ion CI/MS. J. Anal Toxicol. 1 997; 21:420-426.

 All of the following papers are in Forensic Science International Volume 84, issue 1-3, 17 January 1997

Cassani M. et al. Experience with hair testing in the clinical biochemistry laboratory of Cal Granda Niguarda Hospital, Milan, Italy. p. 17-24.

Cirimele V. et al. Testing human hair for flunitrazepam and 7-amino-flunitrazepam by GC/MS-NCI. p.189-200.

Deveaux M. et al. Immunoassay of digoxin in hair. p. 219-223.

Eser H.P. et al. Influence of sample preparation on analytical results: drug analysis [GC/MS] on hair snippets versus hair powder using various extraction methods. p. 271-279.

Goulle J.P. et al. Hair opiates during pain treatment. p.137-144.

Hold K. M. et al. Detection of alprazolam in hair by negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry. p.201-209.

Jurado C. et al. Time course of cocaine in rabbit hair. p.61-66.

Kidwell D.A. et al. Cocaine detection in a university population by hair analysis and skin swab testing. p.75-86.

Kikura R. et al. Hair analysis for Drug Abuse XV. Disposition of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and its related compounds into rat hair and application to hair analysis for MDMA abuse. p. 165-177.

Kintz P. et al. Interlaboratory comparison of quantitative determination of amphetamine and related compounds in hair samples. p. 151-156.

Lewis D., Morrissey, P. and Leikin, J. Determination of drug exposure using hair: Application to child protective cases p. 123-128.

Mersch F at al. Quantification of dextropropoxyphene and its metabolite by HPLC in hair of overdose cases. p. 237-242.

Mieczkowski T. et al. A research note: an analysis of RIA and GC/MS split hair samples from the New Orleans pretrial diversion program. p 67-73.

Mieczkowski T. Distinguishing passive contamination from active cocaine consumption: Assessing the occupational exposure of narcotics officers to cocaine. p. 87-111.

Nakahara Y. et al. Hair Analysis for Drug Abuse XIV. Identification of substances causing acute poisoning using hair root. I. Methamphetamine. p. 157-164.

Potsch L. et al. Biochemical approach on the conservation of drug molecules during hair fiber formation. p. 25-35.

Pepin G. et al. Concordance between self-reported drug use and findings in hair about cocaine and heroin. p. 37-41.

Pichini S. et al. Hair analysis for nicotine and cotinine: Evaluation of extraction procedures, hair treatments, and development of reference material. p. 243-252.

Pichini S. et al. The analysis of nicotine in infants' hair for measuring exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. p. 253-258.

Polettini A et al. Determination of opiates in hair. Effects of extraction methods on recovery and on stability of analytes. p259-269.

Pragst F. et al. Structural and concentration effects on the deposition of tricyclic antidepressants in human hair. p. 225-236.

Rohrich J. et al. Determination of amphetamine and methylenedioxy amphetamine derivatives in hair. p. 179-188.

Rothe M. et al. Effect of pigmentation on the drug deposition in hair of grey-haired subjects. p. 53-60.

Sachs H. History of hair analysis. p. 7-16.

Sachs H. Quality control by the Society of Hair Testing p. 145-150

Skopp G. et al. On cosmetically treated hair: aspects and pitfalls of interpretation p 43-52. Society of Hair Testing. p. 3-6.

Staub C. Supercritical fluid extraction and hair analysis: The situation in 1996. p. 295-304.

Tagliaro F. et al. Integrated use of hair analysis to investigate the physical fitness to obtain the driving license: A casework study. p. 129-135.

Williams J. et al. Hair analysis as a potential index of therapeutic compliance in the treatment of epilepsy. p.113-122.

Yegles M. et al. Detection of benzodiazepines and other psychotropic drugs in human hair by GC/MS. p. 211-218.

The following papers are from a Technical Review conducted Sept.1994 which are published in NIDA Monograph 167, July 1997:

Cone EJ. New developments in biological measures of drug prevalence. Pp.108-129.

Cook RF et al. Assessing drug use in the workplace: A comparison of self-report, urinalysis, and hair analysis. pp. 247-272.

Magura S et al. The validity of self-reported cocaine use in two high-risk populations. NIDA Monograph 167, 1997. Pp.227-246.

Mieczkowski T et al. Patterns of concordance between hair assays and urine analysis for cocaine: Longitudinal analysis of probationers in Pinellas county, Florida. Pp.161-200.

Miller ML et al. The forensic application of testing hair for drugs of abuse. Pp. 146-160.

Wish ED et al. The validity of self-reports of drug use at treatment admission and at follow-up: Comparisons with urinalysis and hair assays. Pp.200-226

Back to Index



1998

Clauwaert KM er al. Narrow-bore HPLC in combination with fluorescence and electrospray mass spectrometric detection for the analysis of cocaine and metabolites human hair. Anal Chem 1998;70:2336-2344.

Gaillard Y et al. Evidence of polydrug use using hair analysis: A fatal case involving heroin, cocaine, cannabis, chloroform, thiopental and ketamine. J For Sci 1998;43:435-438.

Gaillard Y et al. GC/MS quantitation of dextropropoxyphene and norpropoxyphene in hair and whole blood after on-line solid-phase extraction. Application in 12 fatalities. J Chromatogr B 1998;709:69-77.

Goldberger BA et al. Detection of methadone, methadone metabolites, and other illicit drugs of abuse in hair of methadone addicts. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:526-530

Henderson GL et al. Incorporation of isotopically labeled cocaine into human hair: Race as a factor. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:156-164.

Hold KM et al. Simultaneous quantitation of cocaine, opiates and their metabolites in human hair by positive ion chemical ionization GC/MS. J Chromatogr Sci. 1998;36:125-130.

Hold KM et al. Quantitation of cocaine into human hair : The effect of centrifugation of hair digest. J Anal Toxicol:. 1998;22

Iwerson S et al. Evidence of gestational heroin exposure by comparative analysis fetal and marternal body fluids, tsssues, and hair in a heroin-related death. J Anal Toxicol 1998; 22;296.

Junting L et al. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) of drugs and poisons from biological samples. Forensic Sci Intl. 1998;97:93-100.

Kalasinsky KS. Drug distribution in human hair by infrared microscopy. Cellular Molecular Biology 1998;44:81-87.

Keller T et al. Detection of designer drugs in human hair by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). For Sci Intl. 1998;94:55-63.

Kintz P et al. Dose-concentration relationships in hair from subjects in a controlled heroin- maintenance program. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:231-236.

Kintz P et al. Evaluation of acetylcodeine as a specific marker of illicit heroin in human hair. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:425-429.

Kintz P. Hair testing and doping control in sports. Toxicol Letters 1998 Dec. 28, 102-103, 109-113.

Knight K et al. The validity of self-reported cocaine use in a criminal justice treatment sample. Am J Drug & Alcohol Abuse 1998;24:647-660

Koide I.et al., Determination of Amphetamine and Methamphetamine in Human Hair By Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography With Nitrogen-Phosphorus Detection, J Chromatogr B. 1998: 707: 99-104.

Koren G. Diagnosing intrauterine exposure to cocaine by hair testing: six years of clinical use. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 1998;20: 478-480.

Kronstrand R et al. Incidence of opiates, amphetamines, and cocaine in hair and blood in fatal cases of heroin overdose. For Sci Intl 1998;92: 29-38 .

Kwong TC et al. Detection of drug use during pregnancy. [Review} Obstet Gyn Clin North Amer. 1998;25:43-64.

McPhillips MA et al. Hair analysis: New laboratory ability to test for substance use. (editorial} Br J Psychiatry. 1998;173:287-290

Mieczkowski T et al. Using hair analysis, urinalysis,and self-reports to estimate drug use in a sample of detained juveniles. Substance Use and Misuse 1998;33:1547-67.

Nafstad P et al. Nicotine concentrations in hair of non-smoking mothers and sizeof offspring. Am J Public Health. 1998;88:120-124. See Comment on pp. 9-11

Negrusz A et al. Detection of doxepin and its major metabolite esmethyldoxepin inhair during and following drug therapy. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:531-536.

Preston KL et al. Occurance of cocaine in urine of substance-abuse tretamet patients. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:580-586.

Sachs H et al. Testing for drugs in hair: Critical review of chromatographic procedures since 1992 J Chromatogr B. Biomed Sci Appl 1998;1: 147-161.

Sakamoto T et al. Evaluation of hair root analysis for acute phencyclidine poisoning and behavior of phencyclidine metabolites in rat hair root. Pharmazie 1998;53:310-314.

Scherer C et al. Determination of testosterone in human hair by GC/MS. Analyst 1998;123: 2661-2663.

Segura J et al. Derivatization procedures for GC/MS determination in xenobiotics in biological samples, with special attention to drugs of abuse and doping agents. J. Chromatogr B Biol Sci Appl 1998;713:61-90.

Shearer DS et al. Drugs of abuse testing in a psychiatric outpatient service. Clinics in Lab Med.1998;18:713-726.

Slawson MH et al. The incorporation of drugs into hair: Relationship of hair color nd melanin concentration to phencyclidene incorporation. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:406-413,

Stout PR et al.. Fentenyl in hair. Chemical factors involved in accumulation and retention in hair after internal exposure or,in vivo deposition. Drug Metab Dispos 1998;26:689-700.

Strano Rossi S et al. Letter: Application of hair analysis to document coercive heroin administration to a child. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:755.

Sweeney SA et al. Amphetamines in hair by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent Assay.J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:418-424.

Tagliaro F et al. Hair analysis of abused drugs by capillary zone electrophoresis with field amplified sample stacking. For Sci Intl 1998;92: 201-211.

Tagliaro F et al. Simultaneous chiural separation of amphetamines, methamphetamines, ephedrine and(substituted amphetamines) by capillary electrophoresis: preliminary application to the analysis of urine and hair (title shortened). Electrophoresis 1998;19:11-18

Tagliaro F et al. Death from heroin overdose: findings from hair analysis. Lancet 1998;35:1923-1925.

Tagliaro F et al. Determination of thyroxine of newborns by RIA and HPLC confirmation. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1998;716:77-82.

Tanada N et al. Utility of caffeine analysis for forensic hair discrimination. Nippon Hoigaku Zasshi. 1998;52:233-237.  

Tsatsakis AM et al. Determination of phenytoin in sections of head hair: a preliminary study to evaluate the history of drug use. Bolletino Chimico Farmaceutico 1998;137:459-466.

 Wainhaus SB et al. Fast analysis of drugs in a single hair. J Am Soc for Mass Spectrometry. 1998; 9: 1311-1320.

 Wheeler MJ et al. The measurement of testosterone in hair. J Endocrinol 1998;159:R5-8.

Wilkins DG et al. Quantitation of cocaine into human hair: The effect of centrifugation of hair digest. J Anal Toxicol. 1998;22:414-417.

Wilkins DG et al. Incorporation of drugs for the treatment of substance abuse into pigmented and nonpigmented hair. J Pharmaceut Sci. !998 87: 435-440.

Yang HZ et al. A preliminary study of sterooid reproductive hormones in human hair. J Steroid Biochem Molec Biol. 1998;67:447-450

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1999

Al-Dirbashi ON et al. HPLC fluorescence detection of methamphetamine and amphetamine in segmentally analyzed human hair. Analyst 1999;124:493-497.

Al-Dubashi et al. Enantiomer specific HPLC with fluoroescent detection of methamphetamine in abuser’s hair and urine. Biomed Chromatogr. 1999;13:433-436..

Choi MH et al. GC-MS Determination of steroids related to androgen biosynthesis in huiman hair with pentafluorophenyldimethylsilyl-trimethylsilyl derivatization. Analyst 1999;12:1297-1300.

Cirimele V et al. First identification of prednisone in human hair by LC-ionspray mass spectrometry. Letter J Anal Toxicol 1999;23:225-226.

Cirimele V et al. Evidence of pesticide exposure by hair analysis [French]. Acta Clinica Belgica 1999;1:59-763.

Cirimele V et al. Are cannabiloids detected in hair after washing with Cannabio Shampoo? J Anal  Toxicol. 1999;23:349-351.

Deng et al. Detection of anabolic steroids in hair J. Forensic Sci 1999;44:343-346.

Fendrich M et al. Validity of drug use reporting in a high-risk community: a comparison of cocaine and heroin survey reports with hair tests. Am J Epidemology 1999;149:955-962.

Fente CA et al. Deterimnation of clenbuterol residues in bovine hair by using diphasic dialysis and GC/MS. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1999;726:133-139.

Gaillard Y. et al. Testing hair for pharmaceuticals [Review] J Chromatogr B. Biomed Sci Appl. 1999;733:231-246.

Gaillard Y et al. Gas chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric determination of anabolic steroids and their esters in hair. Application in doping control and meat quality control. J Chromatogr B, Biomed Sci Appl. 1999;735:189-205.

Haddock G et al. Hair analysis for substance use. Br J Psychiatry 1999;174: 370.

Hoffman BH. Analysis of race effects on drug test results. J Occup Envir Med. 1999;41:612-614.

Hold KM et al. Detection of nandrolone, testosterone and their esters in rat and human hair samples. J Anal Toxicol. 1999;23:416-423.

Joseph R et al. Drug testing with alternative matrices II. Mechanisms of cocaine deposition in hair. J Anal. Toxicol. 1999;23: 396-408.

Kaempe B. New discoveries in forensic medicine. Hair analysis]. [Review] [16 refs] [Danish] Ugeskrift for Laeger. 1999;161:1901-1905.

Kikura R et al. [Studies on mechanism of drug incorporation into hair] Kokuritsu Iyakuhin Shokuhin Eisel Kenkyusho Hokoku] (Eng.Abstr.) 1999;116:30-45.

Kimura H et al. Highly sensitive quantitation of methamphetamine by time-resolved fluoroimmunassay using europium chelate as a label. J Anal Toxicol 1999;23:11-16

Kimura H et al. Detection of stimulants in hair by lazer microscopy. J Anal Toxicol 1999;23:577-580.

Kintz P et al. Identification of testosterone and testosterone esters in human hair. J Anal Toxicol. 1999;23:352-356.

Kintz P et al. Physiological concentrations of DHEA in human hair. J Anal Toxicol. Oct. 1999;23, 424-428.

Kintz P Testing for anabolic steroids in hair from two bodybuilders Forensic Sci Intl 1999;101: 209-216

 Kintz P et al. Determiniation of “Ecstacy” components in alternative biological specimens. J Chromotogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1999;733:137-143.

Klein J et al. Hair analysis-a biological marker for passive smoking in pregnancy and childhood. Hum Exp Toxicol 1999;18:279-282.

Kronstrand R. et al. Codeine concentrations in hair after oral administration is dependent on melanin content. Clin Chem 1999; 45: 1485-1494.

Kriukov VN et al. [Testing problems regarding narcotics in hair] [Russian, English abstract on Medline]

Lefebrure M et al. Detection fluoxetin in brain, liver, and hair of rats using GC/MS. Life Sci. 1999;64:805-811.

Machnik M. Long time detection of clenbuteral in human scalp by GC high-resolution MS. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1999;723:147-155

Masayoshy K. Hair analyses of triazolobendiazepine hypnotic agents by HPLC-ESI-MS Chromatography 1999;20:348-349.

Min S et al. Detection of meperidine and its metabolites in the hair of meperidine addicts. Forensic Sci Intl. 1999;103:159-171.

Moore C et al. The detection of cocaine in hair specimens using microplate enzyme immunoassay. J Forensic Sci. 1999;44:609-612.

Nakahara Y. Hair analysis for abused and therapeutic drugs J Chromotogr B. Biomed Sci Appl. 1999;733: 161-180.

Negrusz A et al. Highly sensitive micro-plate enzyme immunoassay screening and NCI-GC–MS confirmation of flunitrazepam and its major metabolite 7-Aminoflunitrazepam in hair. J Anal Toxicol. Oct. 1999;23

Ness RB et al. Correlation between maternal tobacco and cocaine use and spontaneous abortion. New Engl Med 1999;333-339.

Ostrea EM et al. Testing for exposure to illicit drugs and other agents in the neonate: a review of laboratory methods and the role of meconium analysis. Current Problems in Pediatrics. Review, 86 refs. 1999;29:37-56.

Pichini S et al. Determination of opiates and cocaine in hair as trimethylsilyl derivatives using GC Tandem MS. J Anal Toxicol. 1999;23;343-348.

Pichini SL et al. Analysis of opiates in human hair by HPLC. J Liquid Chromatogr and Related Tech. 1999;22:873-884.

Psillakis T et al. Carbamazepine levels in head hair of patients under long-term treatment: a method to evaluate the history of drug use. J Clin Pharmacol 1999;39:55-67.

Segura J et al. Immunological screening of drugs of abuse and GC/MS confirmation of opiates and cocaine in hair. J Chromatogr B, Biomed Sci.& Applic. 1999;724:9-21

Stout PR et al. Disposition of [3H] nicotine and [3] flunitrazepam in mouse hair melanosomes after systemic administration. Drug Metab Dispos 1999;27:731.

Strano-Rossi S et al. Solid-phase microextraction for cannabinoids analysis in hair and its possible application to other drugs. J Anal Toxicol. 1999;23:7-10.

Tagliaro F at al. High sensitivity simultaneous determination in hair of the major constutuents of ectasy (MDMA, MDA and MDE) by HPLC with direct fluorescence detection. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci & Applic. 1999;723:195-202.

Takayama N et al. HJPLC study on effects of permanent wave, dye and decolorant treatments on methamphetamine and amphetamine in hair. Biomed Chromogr. 1999;13: 257-261.

Vincent, J et al. Determination of buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine in urine and hair by GC/MS. J. Anal Toxicol. 1999;23:270-270

Wilkins D et al. A retrospective study of buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine in human hair after multiple doses. J Anal Toxicol. Oct. 1999;23

Wolff K et al. A review of biological indicators of illicit drug use, practical considerations and clinical usefulness. [Review] [170 refs] Addiction. 1999;94:1279-98.

The following papers appeared in Drug Testing Technology- Assessment of Field Applications edited by Tom Mieczkowski published by CRC Press Washington, D.C. 1999:

Baumgartner WA et al. Workplace drug testing by hair analysis: Advantages and issues pp.283-311.

Boyd CJ at al. The missing strand: A feminist analysis of hair testing women in research protocols, pp.349-360.

Brewer C. Novel biological and mechanical analysis techniques for alcohol and other drugs of abuse: Their role in addiction management and psychiatric treatment. pp. 33-48.

Cook RF.et al. Drug assessment methods in the workplace. pp.255-281.

Dembo R et al. A comparison of self-report, urine sample, and hair sample testing for drug use: A longitudinal study. pp. 91-107.

Fendrich M et al. The feasibility of hair testing in a household survey on drug abuse. pp.235-253.

Klein J et al. Test for drugs of abuse in the pediatric population. pp.161-170.

Levine EB et al. Validation of substance abuse subtle screening inventory (SASSI) with female juvenile detainees. pp.109-124.

Maguara S. Improving the validity of behavioral drug abuse research through drug testing. pp.215-233.

Marques PR. Hair samples for documenting the impact of gestational cocaine exposure on children and mothers. pp. 179-214

Mieczkowski T. The utilization of ion mobility spectrometry in a criminal justice field application. pp. 72-89.

Mieczkowski T et al. Drug monitoring in the field: Applying, hair assays and urinalysis for cocaine in  probationers. pp.125-144.

Mieczkowski T et al. An analysis of the racial bias controversy in the use of hair assays. pp. 313-348.

Mumm R. Drug testing applications in an offender diversion program. pp.143-159.

Nakahara Y. The effects of physiochemical factors on incorporation of drugs into hair and behavior of drugs in hair root. pp.49-72.

Williams J. The assessment of therapeutic compliance based on the analysis of drug concentrations in hair. pp.1-32.

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2000

The following papers appeared in Forensic Science International Vol.107 (1-3) 2000:

Allen, D.L., Oliver, J.S. The use of surpercritical fluid extraction for the determination of amphetamines in hair. 191 -199.

Al-Dirabashi OY et al. Quantitation of methamphetamine and amphetamine enantiomers by semi-micro column HPLC with fluoresence detection; application on abusers single hair analysis. Biomed Chromatogr. 2000;14: 293-300.

Alt A et al. Determination of ethyl glucuronide in hair samples [letter]. Alcohol Alcohol 2000;35:313-314.

Bermejo-Barrera, P., M.J. Lorenzo Alonso, A. Bermejo Barrera, J.A. Cocho de Juan, J.M Fraga Bermúdez. Selenium determination in mother and child's hair by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry 149 - 156

Bermejo-Barrera, P., Oscar Muñiz-Naveiro, Antonio Moreda-Piñeiro, Adela Bermejo-Barrera Experimental designs in the optimisation of ultrasonic bath-acid-leaching procedures for the determination of trace elements in human hair samples by atomic absorption spectrometry 105 -120

Bevalot F et al. Analysis of corticosteroids in hair by LC/ESI/MS. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2000;740:227-236.

Chiarotti M. Costamagna L. Analysis of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in biological samples by gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS-MS). Forensic Sci Intl. 2000;114:1-6.

Cirimele V et al. Testing of anabolic stanozolol in human hair by GC/NCI/MS. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2000;740:265-271.

Cirimele, V., P. Kintz, Olivier Gosselin, Bertrand Ludes. Clozapine dose-concentration relationships in plasma, hair and sweat specimens of schizophrenic patients 289 - 300

Cirimele, V., P. Kintz, V. Dumestre, J.P. Goullé, B. Ludes. Identification of ten corticosteroids in human hair by liquid chromatography-ionspray mass spectrometry. 381 - 388

DeLauder,S.F., David A. Kidwell. The incorporation of dyes into hair as a model for drug binding. 93 - 104

Deveaux, M., Pascal Kintz, Jean-Pierre Goullé, Janine Bessard, Gilbert Pépin, Didier Gosset. The hair analysis proficiency testing program of the French Society of Analytical Toxicology. 389 - 394

Gaillard, Y., François Vayssette, Gilbert Pépin. Compared interest between hair analysis and urinalysis in doping controls. Results for amphetamines, corticosteroids and anabolic steroids in racing cyclists 361 - 379

Girod, C., Christian Staub. Analysis of drugs of abuse in hair by automated solid-phase extraction, GC/EI/MS and GC ion trap/CI/MS 261 - 271

Kelly, R.C., Tom Mieczkowski, Stacy A. Sweeney, James A. Bourland. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. Hair color and race differentials or systematic differences in drug preferences? 63 - 86

Kidwell, D.A., Emmelene H. Lee, Saundra F. DeLauder. Evidence for bias in hair testing and procedures to correct bias. 39 - 61

Kikura K et al. Simultaneous determination of dimethylamphetamine and its metabolites in rat hair by GC/MS. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2000;741:163-173.

Kintz, P., Vincent Cirimele, Bertrand Ludes. Pharmacological criteria that can affect the detection of doping agents in hair. 325 - 334

Klein, J., Tatyana Karaskov, Gideon Koren. Clinical applications of hair testing for drugs of abuse - the Canadian experience. 281 - 288

Kuhn L et al. Cocaine use during pregnancy and intrauterine growth retardation: new insights based on maternal hair tests. Am J Epidemiol 2000; 152:m112-119.

Lucas, A.C.S., A.M. Bermejo, M.J. Tabernero, P. Fernández, S. Strano-Rossi. Use of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the determination of methadone and EDDP in human hair by GC-MS. 225 - 232

Mahl MA et al. Verification of drug history given by potential blood donors: results of drug screening that combines hair and urine analysis.m Transfusion 2000;40; 637-641, comment in 621-624.

Majundar TK et al. Determination of terbinafine (Lamisil) in human hair by microbore LC/MS/MS. Rapid Commun Mass Sprectrom. 2000;14:1214-1219.

McClean S et al. Electrospray ionization MS characterisation of selected anti-psychotic drugs and their detection and determination in human hair samples LC/MS/MS. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2000;740:141-157.

Mieczkowski, T., Richard Newell. Statistical examination of hair color as a potential biasing factor in hair analysis. 13 - 38

Montagna, M., Cristiana Stramesi, Claudia Vignali, Angelo Groppi, Aldo Polettini. Simultaneous hair testing for opiates, cocaine, and metabolites by GC-MS: a survey of applicants for driving licenses with a history of drug use. 157 - 167

Pacifici R et al.. [Role of laboratories in the clinical study of drug dependence]. [Review] [33 refs] [Italian] Ann Istit Sup Sanita 2000;36:9-16.

Pichini S. Zuccaro P. Pellegrini M. Lopez A. Pacifici R. [Analysis of drugs and abuse substances in the keratinic matrix]. [Review] [47 refs] [Italian] Ann Istit Sup Sanita. 2000;36:17-27.

Pragst, F., K. Spiegel, F. Sporkert, M. Bohnenkamp. Are there possibilities for the detection of chronically elevated alcohol consumption by hair analysis? A report about the state of investigation. 201 - 223

Quintela, O., A.M. Bermejo, M.J. Tabernero, S. Strano-Rossi, M. Chiarotti, A.C.S-. Lucas. Evaluation of cocaine, amphetamines and cannabis use in university students through hair analysis: preliminary results. 273 - 279

Ricossa, M.C., Marzia Bernini, Francesco De Ferrari. Hair analysis for driving licence in cocaine and heroin users.. An epidemiological study. 301 - 308

Rivier, L., Is there a place for hair analysis in doping controls? 309 - 323

Rivier L. Techniques for analytical testing of unconventional samples. [Review] [76 refs] Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2000;14:147-65.

Rohrich, J., S. Zorntlein, Becker. Analysis of LSD in human body fluids and hair samples applying ImmunElute columns. 181 - 190

Sachs, H., Ulrich Dressler. Detection of THCCOOH in hair by MSD-NCI after HPLC clean-up. 239 - 247

Segura, J., S. Pichini, S.H. Peng, X. de la Torre. Hair analysis and detectability of single dose administration of androgenic steroid esters. 347 - 359

Skender L. [Hair--a biological source in drug analysis]. [Review] [39 refs] [Serbo-Croatian (Roman)] Arhiv Za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju. 2000; 51:409-420.

Skopp G et al. Ethyl glucuronide in human hair. Alcohol 2000;35: 283-285

Spiehler, V., Hair analysis by immunological methods from the beginning to 2000. 249-259

Sporkert, F., F. Pragst. Use of headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) in hair analysis for organic compounds. 129 - 148

Tagliaro, F., R. Valentini, G. Manetto, F. Crivellente, G. Carli, M. Marigo. Hair analysis by using radioimmunoassay, high-performance liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis to investigate chronic exposure to heroin, cocaine and/or ecstasy in applicants for driving licences. 121 - 128

Thieme, D., J. Grosse, H. Sachs, R.K. Mueller. Analytical strategy for detecting doping agents in hair. 335 - 345

Tsatsakis AM et al. Phenytoin concentration in head hair sections: a method to evaluate the history of drug use. J Clin Psychopharmacology. 2000;20:560-73.

Uhl, M. Tandem mass spectrometry: a helpful tool in hair analysis for the forensic expert 169 - 179

Wennig, R. Potential problems with the interpretation of hair analysis results. 5-12

Yegles, M., Y. Marson, R. Wennig. Influence of bleaching on stability of benzodiazepines in hair. 87 - 92

Yegles, M., R. Wennig. Incorporation of propyphenazone in beard hair of a migraine patient. 233 - 237

__________________________________________

Báez H et al. Drugs in prehistory: Chemical analysis of ancient human hair. Forensic Sci Int. 2000;108: 173 -179.

Bourland JA et al Quantitation of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, cocaethylene, methylecgonine and norcocaine in human hair by PICI GC Tandem MS. J Anal Toxicol. 2000;24:489-495.

Claffey et al. A comparison of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfide digestion of mouse hair in the recovery of radioactivity following systemic administration of [3H] nicotine and [3H] flunitrazepam. J Anal Toxicol. 2000;24:54-58.

Clauwert KM et al. Segmental analysis for cocaine and metabolites by HPLC in hair of suspected drug overdose cases. Forensic Sci Intl. 2000;110:157-166.

 Dumestre-Toule and Kintz P. Ephedrine abuse for doping purposes as demonstrated by hair analysis. Letter J. Anal Tox 2000;24:331-382.

Gail AA et al. Hair analysis: Self-reported use of "Speed" and "Ecstasy" compared with laboratory findings. J Forensic Sci. 2000;45: 400-406.

Gruszecki AC et al. Correlation of the incidence of cocaine and cocaethylene in hair and postmortem biologic samples. Am J Forensic Med Path. 2000;21:166-171.

Kintz P et al. Doping Control for b-Adrenergic Compounds Through Hair Analysis J Forensic Sci 2000;45:170-175.

Kintz P et al. Dehydroepiandosterone (DHEA) and testosterone concentrations in human hair samples. Clin Chem 2000;46:414-415.

Kintz P et al. Short Communication-Buphrenorphine to norbuphrenorphine ratio in human hair. J.Anal.Toxicol. 2000;24:448-449.

Mieczkowski T. The further mismeasure: The curious use of racial categorizations in the interpretation of hair analyses. Intl J Drug Testing 2000;vol 2 Internet at: http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/journal/mismeasure.html

Negrusz A et al. Quantitation of clonazepam and its major metabolite 7-aminoclonazepam in hair. 2000;24:614-620.

Rohrich J et al. Effect of shampoo ultra-clean on drug concentrations in human hair. Int J Legal Med 2000;113:102-104.

Ropero-Miller JD et al. The disposition of cocaine and opiate analytes in hair and fingernails of humans following cocaine and codeine administration. J Anal Toxicol 2000;24:496-508

Saito T et al. Determination of chronic methamphetamine abuse by hair analysis. Forensic Sci Intl. 2000;112:65- 71

Sassa T. Measurement of furancarboxylic acid in human serum, hair, and sweat. Arch Toxicol 2000;73:649-645.

Sporkert F and Pragst F. Determination of lidocaine in hair of drug fatalities by headspace solid-phasphase microextraction. J Anal Tox 2000;24:316-322..

The following appeared in Progress in Hair Analysis, Workshop Proceedings in Hair Analysis., June 18-20, 2000. (Editors R. Klaus Muller and Detlef Thieme. Bundesinstitut fur Sportwissenschaft, Koln.)

 Sachs H. Introduction to hair analysis. pg. 7

 Bernhard W, Aebi B, Staub C, Sachs H. Hair sample collecting kit for the police forces pg. 12

 Staub C and Girod C. A general solid-phase extraction procedure for drug testing in hair pg. 15.

 Fehn S and Sachs H. Determination of benzodiazepines in hair by GC/MS-NCI pg. 23

 Thieme D. Specificity and sensitivity requirements in hair analysis pg. 35

 Cirimele V, Kinzz P, Ludes B.. Identification of buprenorphine and methadone in hair by HPLC/MS pg.49

 Uhl M. Interpretation of quantitative findings and data evaluation in hair analysis pg. 61

 Kintz P. Criteria that can affect the detection of doping agents in hair pg. 79

 Einhellig K, Uhl M. Analysis of hair samples for b?agonists pg. 91

 Sachs H. Testing endogenous steroids in hair pg. 97

 Thieme D, Grosse J, Klaus-Muller R. Detection of exogenous steroids in hair pg. 103

 Kintz P, Cirimele V, Ludes B. Testing for 19-norsteroids in hair pg. 111

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2001

Appel PW. . Comparison of self-report and hair analysis in detecting cocaine use in a homeless/transient sample. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.2001;33:47-55.

Borges CR et al. Relationship of melanin degradation products to actual melanin content: application to human hair. Anal Biochem 2001; 290:116-25.

Borges CR et al. Amphetamine incorporation into hair; An investigation of the potential role of drug basicity in hair color bias. J Anal Toxocol 2001; 25:221-227.

Caplan YH, Goldberger BA. Alternative specimens for workplace drug testing. J Anal Toxicol 2001;25:396-399.

Colon HM et al. The validity of drug use response in a household survey in Puerto Rico: Comparison of survey responses of cocaine and heroin use with hair tests. Int J Epidemiol. 2001;30:1042-1049.

Cone EJ. Legal, workplace, and treatment drug testing with alternate biological matrices on a global scale. Forensic Sci Intl. 2001;121;7-15

El Mahjoub , Staub C. Determination of benzodiazepines in human hair by on-line high-performance liquid chromatography using a restricted access extraction column. Forensic Sci. Intl. 2001;123:17- 25.

Fiellin DA et al. Methadone maintenance in primary care: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2001; 286: 1764-1765.

Girod C, Staub C. Acetylcodeine as a Marker of Illicit Heroin in Human Hair: Method Validation and Results of a Pilot Study. J Anal Toxicol. 2001;25: 106-111.

Girod C, Staub C. Methadone and EDDP in hair from human subjects following a maintenance program: results of a pilot study. Forensic Sci Intl. 2001;117:175-184.

Hoffman RJ. Nelson L. Rational use of toxicology testing in children. [Review] [13 refs] Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 2001;13:183-8.

Kalasinsky KS et al. Blood, brain and hair GHB concentrations following fatal ingestion. J Forensic Sci. 2001; 46:728-760.

Kronstrand R. Incorporation of selegiline metabolites in hair after selegiline ingtake. J Anal Toxicol. 2001;25:594-601.

Midio AF. et al. The possibilities of hair analysis in the determination of involuntary doping in sports. Sports Medicine. 2001;31:321-324.

Mieczkowski T , Kruger MA. Assessing the effect on hair color on cocaine positive outcomes in a large sample: A logistic regression on 56,445 cases using hair analysis. Bull Intl Assoc Forensic Toxicol. 2001, Vol. xxxi #1 pp. 9-11.

Moore C et al. The determination of THC-COOH in hair by Negative ion GC-MS and high volume injection. J Anal Toxicol. 2001;25:555-558.

Ostrea EM Jr et al. Estimates of illicit drug use during pregnancy by maternal interview, hair analysis, and meconium analysis. J Pediatrics. 2001;38:344-8.

Paterson S et al. Qualitative screening for drugs of abuse using GC/MS. J Anal Toxicol 2001;25:190197.

Piekoszewski W et al. Determination of opiates in serum, saliva and hair addicted persons. Przeglad Lekarski. 2001;58:287-9.

Polenova TV et al. Screening of psychotropic drugs in human hair based on high-performance thin-layer chromatography and microliquid extraction. Journal of Chromatogr Sci. 2001;39:293-6.

Pragst F et al. Analysis of fatty acid ethyl esters in hair as possible markers of chronically elevated alcohol consumption by headspace solid-phase micro (HS-SPME) and GC-MS. Forensic Sci Intl. 2001;121:76-87.

Romano G et al. Hair testing for drugs of abuse: evaluation of external cocaine contamination and risk of false positives. Forensic Sci Intl. 2001;123:119-129.

Stout PR and Ruth JA. 3H-Nicotine, 3H-Flunitazepam, and 3H-cocaine incorporation into melanin: A model for the examination of drug-melanin interactions. J Anal Toxicol 2001;25:607-611.

Tsatakis AM et al. Evaluation of addiction history of a dead woman after exhumation and sectional hair testing. Am J Forensic Med Path 2001;22:73-77.

Ursitti F. et al. Use of hair analysis for confirmation of self-reported cocaine use in users with negative urine tests. Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology. 2001;39:361-366.

Wilkins DG et al. Effect of four laboratory Determination Procedures in the quantitative determination of cocaine and metabolites in hair by HPLC-MS. J Anal Toxicol. 2001;25:490-496

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2002

Dumestre-Toulet V et al. Hair analysis of seven bodybuilders for anabolic steroids, ephedrine, and clenbuterol. J. Forensic Sci. 2002; 47;211-214.

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